What Was the First Arab Country to Make Peace With Israel?

In the complex history of the Middle East, the question of which Arab country was the first to make peace with Israel is of great significance. This article explores the answer to this question and delves into the reasons behind this historic decision. The primary keyword for this article is “Why did Anwar Sadat make peace with Israel?” Let’s delve into the details.

The Historical Context of Arab-Israeli Relations 

To understand the significance of Egypt’s peace treaty with Israel, it is crucial to examine the historical context of Arab-Israeli relations. The conflict between the Arab states and Israel had its roots in the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948. Over the years, several wars and conflicts further strained relations between the two sides, leading to deep-seated animosity and a lack of diplomatic recognition.

Anwar Sadat’s Leadership and Vision

Anwar Sadat, who assumed the presidency of Egypt in 1970 after the death of Gamal Abdel Nasser, brought a new perspective to the Arab-Israeli conflict. Sadat was determined to find a peaceful resolution and end the cycle of violence that had plagued the region for decades. He believed that a negotiated settlement was the only way to achieve stability and progress for Egypt and the wider Arab world.

The First Arab Country to Make Peace

The first Arab country to make peace with Israel was Egypt. In 1979, Egypt and Israel signed the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty, marking a significant turning point in the region’s history. This groundbreaking agreement made Egypt the first Arab state to recognize Israel officially.

Anwar Sadat’s Motivation

Anwar Sadat, the President of Egypt at the time, played a pivotal role in initiating peace negotiations with Israel. Several key factors drove his decision to pursue peace.

Strategic Considerations

One of the primary reasons behind Sadat’s pursuit of peace was the desire to regain the Sinai Peninsula, which had been occupied by Israel since the Six-Day War in 1967. By engaging in peace talks, Sadat aimed to secure the return of the Sinai Peninsula to Egyptian sovereignty.

Economic Challenges

Egypt faced significant economic challenges during that period, including high inflation, unemployment, and a growing population. Sadat recognized that a peaceful resolution with Israel could potentially unlock economic opportunities and attract foreign investment, thus addressing these pressing issues.

Broader Regional Stability

Sadat also believed that peace with Israel could contribute to regional stability. By establishing diplomatic relations with Israel, Egypt aimed to foster a more peaceful and cooperative environment in the Middle East, reducing the risk of further conflicts.

The Impact of the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty

The Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty had far-reaching implications for both countries and the wider region.

Bilateral Relations

The treaty paved the way for the normalization of diplomatic and economic relations between Egypt and Israel. It included provisions for the withdrawal of Israeli forces from the Sinai Peninsula and the establishment of a demilitarized zone. The treaty also facilitated cultural and academic exchanges, tourism, and trade between the two nations.

Regional Dynamics

The peace treaty between Egypt and Israel had a profound impact on the broader Arab-Israeli conflict. It demonstrated that peaceful resolutions were possible and set a precedent for future negotiations. The treaty also influenced other Arab countries to consider engaging in diplomatic relations with Israel.


In conclusion, Egypt was the first Arab country to make peace with Israel. Anwar Sadat’s decision to pursue peace was motivated by strategic considerations, economic challenges, and the desire for regional stability. The Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty had a transformative impact on bilateral relations and the broader dynamics of the Arab-Israeli conflict. This historic agreement laid the foundation for future peace initiatives in the region.