Parenting Patterns and Their Influence on Development

Parenting is a process in which parents nurture and educate children from birth to adulthood. This can affect a child’s physical, emotional, social and intellectual development.

Parenting

Many studies have examined the impact of parenting on children’s lives in adulthood. Because, this is considered to have a crucial role in the growth and development of children, especially at an early age.

In general, a positive parenting style will also produce a positive impact. Positive parenting is described with warmth, but still has boundaries so that parent-child relationships are well established.

Different types of parenting

Talking about what parenting is, the notion of parenting is the process in which parents nurture and educate children from birth to adulthood. This can affect a child’s physical, emotional, social and intellectual development.

Parenting usually displays two characteristics that focus on the demands of the child and the response of the parents to the child.

Here are the various parenting styles that you need to know.

Authoritative parenting

Authoritative parenting is also known as democratic parenting. In this parenting pattern, two-way communication is established between parents and children.

The character of authoritative parenting is a balance between being assertive, but also warm and supportive. Children are given strict boundaries and rules, but with clear explanations and reasons why these rules must be obeyed.

In this parenting style, parents are quite involved in the life of the child. They are willing to listen and consider the child’s feelings, and encourage him to be independent in making decisions.

While authoritative parenting styles tend to be assertive, they are unobtrusive and restrictive. The discipline method used is to support, rather than punish.

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Authoritarian parenting

In authoritarian parenting, parents have a high level of control over their children, but are not responsive.

The character of authoritarian parenting is to apply strict rules without explaining the reasons behind the rules. When children fail to follow these rules, usually parents will give punishment

Authoritarian parents tend to control life and emphasize their power over their children. Most importantly, children must obey them.

They demand that the child makes no mistakes, but provides some direction on what to do or avoid.

Permissive

The next types of parenting are permissive. Permissive parenting is characterized by low demands on children and high parental responses to children.

Parents with this parenting style are warm and caring, but tend to be weak in applying rules and discipline to their children. Instead of being role models, they act more like friends.

That’s why permissive parents rarely enforce rules and boundaries. They do not control their children’s behavior and very rarely give strict punishments, and you can even say they tend to always obey their children’s wishes.

This parenting style tends to make children have a lot of freedom and not get supervision.

Ignorant

The character of the negligent parenting style is the absence of demands and responses from parents towards their children.

In this parenting style, they are not involved in the child’s life and do not want to know about the child’s needs. It is characterized by few demands, low response, and very little communication.

Parents with negligent parenting also do not apply rules or boundaries, do not meet the emotional needs of their children, and expect their children to take care of themselves.

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