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Physical Therapy Continuing Education: Spinal Stabilization – Is It All About Transverse Abdominus?

Physical Therapy Continuing Education: Spinal Stabilization – Is It All About Transverse Abdominus?

In more recent times, physical therapy continuing education courses focusing on training the muscles of the spine have placed a huge emphasis on Transverse Abdominius. There are differing views on the importance of this muscle.

We recently interview a spine rehab expert to get his thoughts. This is what he said.

Interviewer: Well, if we talk a little more specifically about your work, can you describe your research findings on the roles of the different muscles in spine stabilization?

Spine Rehab Expert: I knew we had to get to that one. Well, you know, we’ve heard so much about muscles like how important it is to correct transverse abdominis pathology, and the multifidus is so important and whatnot. I think there’s really a disconnect between the science and clinical practice. These muscles are no more important than any other muscles. I’ve already mentioned a couple of minutes ago that if you don’t have quadratus lumborum you can’t walk, and yet in the clinical discussion you never hear, well, very rarely would you hear a clinician talk about QL.

If you’re going to carry an object, if you’re going to plant a foot on the soccer pitch or the football field and change direction and run, if your pelvis collapses on the swing way side you’ll be a very ineffective sportsman and you’ll load up your back. So, there’s an example where quadratus lumborum is absolutely crucial.

For lifting, when you go to Russia and you study their lifting culture, they put huge emphasis on latissimus dorsi. Very rarely do I hear lifters in North America, when they’re pulling a bar, trying to bend the bar, external rotate through the shoulders and pull with latissimus dorsi, strapping and stiffening their back down to the sacrum, for example.

The role of the gluteal complex is enormous for hip extension, and particularly those who have back problems. We know those muscles tend, not in all but in a lot of people, tend to get inhibited.

So, the answer to the question is all of the muscles are important when it comes to spinal stability. They form a guide wire system that allows the spine to bear tremendous loads. It allows the spine to store and recover elastic energy when they’re throwing an object or kicking or punching, for example. Or it might be just to simply pick your groceries out of the back of the car. So, all muscles are important. How they play together is crucial. You have to recognize these patterns, measure it, and train it appropriately. But, this emphasis on single muscles, well, I think that’s dying out now as you probably have detected as you go to different meetings.

Interviewer: Right. So, just to clarify on that, we know that the transverse abdominis, for example, is not the whole answer to spinal stability. Some research –

Spine Rehab Expert: It is probably one of the most minor muscles, mind you.…

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Continuing Education For Psychologists – Learn To Make A Difference In People’s Lives

Continuing Education For Psychologists – Learn To Make A Difference In People’s Lives

A career in psychology has lots of benefits. You can learn about the human mind and also put this knowledge to use in helping others. Continuing education for psychologists opens lots of doors and allows you to choose which career path is right for you.

After Your Undergraduate

There’s nothing like getting your degree and being out of school, but unfortunately for psych majors, there aren’t a lot of job opportunities waiting. For most jobs, you need to pursue continuing education for psychologists, and you’ve got 2 choices – either a Ph.D. or a Psy.D.

The Ph.D. is similar to doctoral degrees in other areas. You take coursework that focuses on both clinical training and theory. All of it centers around your dissertation, which is your own original scientific research that contributes to the field of psychology. All of your coursework culminates in this dissertation, which collects data and analyses it to support your own theory.

The Psy.D. is a Doctor of Psychology. This is relatively new and, as the name suggests, it is focused solely on psychological training. It is not offered at all institutions, but it is becoming more popular as an option for continuing education. Unlike the Ph.D., it focuses more on training and practical skills. Instead of analyzing data in your dissertation, it is actually a project where you do something with your skills. The whole idea of the Psy.D. is to give you a solid foundation to begin practicing psychology.

Online Courses For Psychologists

Because many of those who are pursuing continuing education for psychologists are busy working, many schools offer online programs. These programs are flexible, allowing students to work when it’s convenient for them. The only downside is that you miss out on the face-to-face contact with your classmates and teachers, but with video teleconferencing and other PC technology today, it’s almost like being there.

If you’re thinking about pursuing your coursework online, make sure that the institution you choose is legitimate. It should be approved by the American Psychological Association as a first step. You should also check out its reputation. Look at job postings or contact employers and see if they recognize the school. Many traditional universities are offering online degrees, so you can always choose an established school if you want to be sure.

Areas Of Specialization

Continuing education for psychologists offers lots of specializations to choose from. These include:

Clinical Psychology – You can work as a therapist helping ordinary people deal with extraordinary psychological problems. You may also work with people who have chronic mental disorders, or specialize in treating a certain segment of the population.

Industrial/Organizational Psychology – Since many stresses and psychological problems are caused by work, this type of psychologist deals with how people interact with their work environment. They may also help a company increase efficiency or reduce their turnover rate.

Social Psychology – This field looks at groups and how individuals interact in them. Most people who specialize in social psychology work in universities, organizations, government agencies or businesses conducting research.

Forensic Psychology – A forensic psychologist helps law enforcement agencies by analyzing evidence and using their expertise about the human mind and criminality to help solve crimes.

There are many other fields that continuing education for psychologists also gives you an opportunity for. Pursuing a post-graduate degree is essential for anyone who wants a career in psychology, so start thinking about what you want to do today.…

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Education Current Events

Techniques for Naming Your Tutoring Business

Business name parts
Small businesses or new businesses often have two parts to their business names. The first part can be described as the unique part and the second part is the descriptive portion. Some people try to use only a unique name for their business without a descriptive part. This is generally a bad idea for small businesses because without the descriptive portion people won’t know what services your business offers. Over time as your brand becomes well-known in your market you should be able to drop the descriptive portion of your name and people will still know what business you’re in.
The unique portion of a business name takes many forms. The following list contains several variations of the unique portion that are often used for tutoring business names.
Tutoring businesses often use words related to success, reaching goals, and succeeding since these are some of the reasons people hire tutors. Words like “Elite”, “Ivy”, “A+”, and so on are examples of aspirational words. Check the thesaurus for more ideas for your business. Words like these are great for a tutoring business name because people will begin to associate your business with success.
Geography – Tutoring companies often operate in specific geographic markets so including the name of your market in your company’s name is a good strategy. For example, you might name your company “Grand Rapids Tutoring” if your company is based in Grand Rapids. A name that includes your location is an effective way to communicate to people in your area that you offer tutoring for their area.
Unique Value
Many businesses have a unique value proposition – something that distinguishes them from their competitors. If your business offers some kind of unique value to customers you might want to include this in your business name. Examples include words like “Traveling”, “One-on-One”, or “Total Math”. Unique value propositions can be related to your method of teaching, grade level, subject you specialize in, etc.
Subject Specific
If your tutoring company specializes in a single subject you might want to create a unique name related to the subject in which you specialize. Unique names can include words in a foreign language you teach, terminology such as “Pi”, or names of influential figures in your subject such as “da Vinci”, “Pascal” or “Einstein”.
Personal Name
Using your own last name in the name of your tutoring business is another useful technique for naming your business. Many successful companies have used this naming technique (i.e. Kumon, Huntington Learning Centers in the United States, Kip McGrath in Australia. This technique can become even more effective if you are already well-known for your work in the education field.
The second part of your business name should be the descriptive portion. Including words such as tutoring, tutors, education, academy, learning, learning center, etc. The descriptive portion of your business name is what tells people what your company does. This is very important when your business is starting out since you want to begin establishing a link between the unique part of your business name and the descriptive portion in people’s minds.
The naming techniques above should help you generate several ideas. By creating different combinations of the unique and descriptive portions you can create even more name variations. Create a list of your top ideas and ask your friends or coworkers which ones they like the best and you’ll have a name that will help your business grow and establish a strong brand.…

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General Article

Get The Most Out Of Interior Design

If you’re thinking about redesigning, but have no clue where to begin, this article is for you! A little consulting and planning with someone who knows about interior design can really help you out. Keep reading for more great ideas about this.

Decide on a mood for a room or space before beginning to actually work on designing the space. The mood can be anything you want it to be. When you know what feeling you would like your room to give you, you will find that it’s much easier to plan out projects to complete the room design.

Set a budget. Nothing is worse than starting a project when you cannot afford it. That way, you will be free to design your space without feeling anxious.

If you want to do an easy redecorating task, de-clutter your home. Removing clutter can give a homeowner a more clear idea of what needs to be done to a room, and clutter is often not pleasing or inviting looking to others who see it. Give excess things to a recycling center, to charity, or try to have a garage sale to get rid of some of them.

Many people have opinions with regards to interior design, but you shouldn’t listen to all of it. You won’t be able to create a place that you love without trusting your personal judgement and creating something that expresses your personality.

When you are redesigning a child’s bedroom or playroom, make it fun! Their perspective will often be very different from your own. Keep in mind their Homesearch size, and make sure everything is accessible for them. Look at the things from the child’s point of view to avoid doing anything hazardous.

You may think you need to hire a professional and spend a lot of money to update your home, but that is just not the case. By investing a little time and effort, you can make great things happen for a minimal amount of money. Remember what you have learned in this article to help get you started.…

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Websites For Education

Why Travel So Far? Find The Right Private Math Tutor In Your Area Online

If your school math paper is giving you sleepless nights, then you don’t have to feel depressed or alone- there are many people like you who are really scared of the subject. The problem with this subject is that it is not just prose which you can learn like a story – there are hard, fundamental concepts which have to be understood thoroughly so that your brain would be able to apply them easily in any given situation.
However, if you are facing problems at school, then life would be getting very tough. You may be feeling scared of asking your doubts openly in class. Even if you want to look for a tutor, it would be very difficult to be able to find about good, inexpensive private math tutor who has a good working knowledge of the subject area you are weak in.
These days, there are many professionals out there who work for large corporate jobs. These could be software engineers or research developers, working for large organisations. They would love to be able to share their knowledge of the subject with you, but their problem is that they usually don’t have the time to market themselves, or even put up an advertisement in the newspaper. However, since they only offer private tutoring as a part time job, they are much less expensive than the regular math tutors who teach professionally. Now, thanks to the world of Internet, there is finally a solution through which the two of you could connect. This is possible through the presence of special tutor services websites.
These dedicated private tutor services offering websites have been made so that you must find the best private math tutors who are talented in a respective area of math, and are ready to give you private tutoring. The best advantage of using these websites is that they are so well organised. You can just pick the state which you are in, and then click on the city which is closest to you. You then would be able to view the names and profiles of all the available math tutors in that particular search section. You can then pick the one who appears to be the best for you. Thus, it doesn’t matter anymore if you are living in Detroit, or Monroe, or even in Waterford. You would be able to certainly find the math tutors who can help you score those A’s.…

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General Article

Tax Considerations for Small Businesses: To Barter or Not to Barter

Tax Considerations for Small Businesses: To Barter or Not to Barter

Barters and trades of goods and services represent an increasingly significant percentage of our economy, especially among small businesses, many of which have turns to one of the oldest forms of commerce in hopes of weathering the recession. One obvious reason is that bartering allows an individual to exchange goods or services for something you that they need, but can’t pay for. But it also allows them to get rid of extra inventory or take advantage of “down time” in exchange for reducing their cash outlay for business expenses. In this economy, bartering is a smart move.

However, as the IRS has warned recently, bartering is still considered business and is therefore taxable activity:

“The fair market value of property or services received through barter is taxable income. Bartering is the trading of one product or service for another. Usually there is no exchange of cash. However, the fair market value of the goods and services exchanged must be reported as income by both parties.”

This rule covers a variety of “transactions” that many, including savvy business owners, might not think twice about: the local barber trading a haircut for a free meal at a friend’s mom and pop restaurant; an artist offering up a painting in exchange for a month’s worth of dog walking? Again, this exchange is considered generated reportable income – for both parties in the barter transaction.

In an effort to help those who fall into this category, the IRS has highlighted the following four facts about bartering that small business owners understand come tax time:

Barter Exchange

According to the IRS, a barter exchange functions primarily as “the organizer of a marketplace where members buy and sell products and services among themselves.” Applying equally to products produced and sold from a physical space or through the Web, this exchange is bound to the rules governing Form 1099-B, Proceeds from Broker and Barter Exchange Transactions, meaning it must be submitted annually to a barter’s clients or members as well as to the IRS.

Barter Income

In an effort to eliminate any confusion over what is meant by barter income for tax purposes, the IRS has stated, “barter dollars or trade dollars are identical to real dollars for tax reporting.” In other words, the income from this activity should be recorded in the same manner as other forms of income — on the appropriate tax return for the barter’s particular type of business. Generally, this number should correlate to the fair market value of the product or service. A good rule of thumb: It’s the price that a “willing buyer” would pay for the goods or services from a “willing seller.” In other words, what would the cost of that piece of art be on the open market? How much would you normally charge to do cut someone’s hair? Those answers determine the fair market value of the transaction.


Another given is that the bartering income is taxable in the year that it was actually performed. The IRS is also careful to point out that bartering may yield certain liabilities for income tax, self-employment tax, employment tax, or excise tax. A small business that barters barter may incur ordinary business income, capital gains or capital losses, or you may have a nondeductible personal loss.


The reporting requirements for transactions that fall within the category of bartering can hinge on what kind of bartering activity has taken place. Generally, this type of business income on Form 1040, Schedule C Profit or Loss from Business, or other business returns such as Form 1065 for Partnerships, Form 1120 for Corporations, or Form 1120-S for Small Corporations.

Record Keeping

The bottom line is that, whether or not tangible money changes hands, a small businesses that barter must treat this activity as they would any other business transaction. That means they must also maintain good records of all bartering transaction — both what is bartered away and what is received.

When to Consult a Tax Professional

Businesses that regularly barter should consider consulting a CPA, IRS enrolled agent or other registered tax agent to learn more about the tax requirements, especially when they are uncertain about reporting requirements or how to best value their services. CPAs and enrolled agents can often help small businesses barter in ways that are beneficial from a taxation point of view, and that are also likely to help them avoid audits from the IRS. Because of their increasing popularity, topics such bartering are routinely covered in tax continuing education courses that tax professional are required to take on an ongoing basis. These tax CPE courses are designed to give tax professionals the latest information on how to best to help taxpayers barter in accordance …

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New Home Buyer Tax Credit: What Every Enrolled Agent Should Know

New Home Buyer Tax Credit: What Every Enrolled Agent Should Know

The 2007 mortgage meltdown and subsequent collapse of the financial system brought about significant change on practically every front. The impact of these events on the tax system was both far-reaching and substantial, as most any enrolled agent or registered tax return preparer can testify. One aspect of this change included an at-times dizzying number of new tax breaks in the form of credits and deductions designed to help both alleviate the financial strain on average Americans and stimulate the economy in the process. One such credit, the Home Buyer Tax Credit, is so popular that it occupies a focal point in tax CPE and EA CPE, enrolled agent continuing education courses that enrolled agents take to maintain certification.

Below is a summary of what enrolled agents need to know about this credit to ensure their clients receive the full tax credit offered by the government.

Qualifying for the home buyer tax credit

Contrary to popular opinion, both first-time homebuyers and long-time owners are able to apply for a credit. If the house was purchased on November 30, 2009, to qualify taxpayers must not have owned their homes since December 1, 2006. The earliest date to qualify for this credit is January 1, 2009.

To qualify for the credit as long-time homeowners, taxpayers must have owned their existing home for any five-year period during the eight-year period ending on the date of purchase of the new home. The earliest date of purchase to qualify for this credit is November 8, 2009.

For either credit, if the date of purchase is in May or June 2010, taxpayers are required to verify that they entered into a contract to buy the house before May 2010. Below is a summation of the required documentation.


Even when taxpayers qualify as first-time homebuyers, or as long-time homeowners, and you have purchased a home within the permitted time frame, they still may not qualify for the credit. Taxpayers will not qualify if any of the following scenarios apply:

Purchased the house after November 6, 2009, and the price of the house is more than $800,000.

Modified adjusted gross income is $95,000 or more ($170,000 if married filing jointly) and the home was purchased before November 7, 2009. A phase-out of the credit begins with a MAGI of $75,000 (or $150,000).

Modified adjusted gross income is $145,00 or more ($245,000 if married filing jointly) and the home was purchased after November 6, 2009. A phase-out of the credit begins with a MAGI of $125,000 (or $225,000).

Another individual claims the applicant as a dependent on their tax return.

Purchased the house after November 6, 2009, and the buyer was under the age of 18 on the date of purchase.

Is a nonresident alien.

The house is located outside the US.

The house is sold or ceases to be the main residence before the end of the year in which it was purchased.

The house is a gift or is acquired through inheritance.

The house is acquired from a relative or a related corporation or partnership.

The amount of the credit.

First-time homebuyers qualify for a credit of 10% of the purchase price up to a maximum of $8,000 ($4,000 if married filing separately). Long-time residents qualify for a credit of 10% of the purchase price up to a maximum of $6,500 ($3,250 if married filing separately). Again, when the modified adjusted gross income exceeds a certain level, the credit will be phased out until it is eliminated entirely.

Claiming the credit

Since the IRS requires a slew of documentation, taxpayers hoping to claim the homebuyer tax credit must file federal tax returns on paper through the mail need to print the paperwork and send it in.

Below is a step-by-step guide for claiming the credit for clients:

1. Complete the revised Form 5405. First confirm the taxpayer qualifies for the credit, and determine the amount of the credit.

2. Collect required documentation. Gather Form HUD-1 Settlement Statement or other settlement statement outlining the names and signatures of all parties to the sale, the property address, the price, and the date of purchase. If the taxpayer does not have a settlement statement (as in the case of a newly-constructed home), collect the certificate of occupancy and attach it.

If a taxpayer is under contract but has not taken occupancy of the house by the time their taxes are filed, include pages from the signed contract, including the signatures and names of all parties, the property price, the address, and the contract date.

If a taxpayer qualifies as a long-time homeowner, include Form 1098 (Mortgage Interest Statement), property tax records, or the homeowners’ insurance records. Remember, the forms must cover a full consecutive five-year period within the …